Possible Signs of Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a common learning disability among students in Canada, affecting approximately 10-15% of the population. With increased awareness and efforts to provide early intervention and the right support, many students with dyslexia are achieving academic success.  

If you have concerns about a student or your child, what can you do? Take a few minutes to reflect on your child’s learning with these checklists.

Using the Checklist 

The checklist is based on the criteria of the DSM-5 and can help you learn more about initial clues regarding potential learning difficulties. If you observe these characteristics in your child or student, seek guidance from a professional for a comprehensive evaluation. 

Please consider the following when using this checklist:  

  • These signs should persist for at least six months before considering an evaluation. 
  • Academic difficulties significantly impact performance in school, work, and daily life. 
  • Learning difficulties typically begin in childhood and become more noticeable as school demands become more challenging. 
  • Learning difficulties are not caused by lower intelligence, uncorrected vision or hearing problems, mental or neurological disorders, environmental issues, lack of language proficiency, or inadequate teaching. 
  • A comprehensive evaluation is required, considering the individual’s history, standardized tests, and assessments.   

Please note that this checklist is for suggested use and should not be considered a definitive diagnosis. An accurate diagnosis of dyslexia requires a complete evaluation by a health or education professional, such as a neuropsychologist, educational psychologist, or school psychologist. If you notice several of these signs in your child, consult a health or education professional for appropriate evaluation and support.

Book a dyslexia screening test based on the KTEA-3 test at LDS. For more information, please call 604.873.8139 or email

– Sofia Lopez Nakashima, Case Manager and Instructor

LDS is a community of dedicated professionals who write collaboratively. We recognize the contribution of unnamed team members for their wisdom and input.